This proposal will commence with an outline of theoretical trends within counselling over time, from psychoanalytic theory in the 19th century to the plethora of theories available to practitioners today.
They may have a favorite theory or therapeutic technique that they tend to use more often or fall back on, but they are willing and often use all that are available to them. Behavioral therapists work on changing unwanted and destructive behaviors through behavior modification techniques such as positive or negative reinforcement.
You may even want to ask her how and when she makes the choice to utilize different techniques. A narrative therapist considers the client to be the ultimate expert of her life and views the role of therapist to be more of a curious, investigative reporter assisting the client to make new discovers through different types of interviewing questions.
Here are some of the more common theoretical orientations which you are likely to encounter, along with descriptions of how they may influence the therapy. There are various therapies that counselors can choose to study, but the type of theory matters less than the success of the relationship between client and therapist.
If a therapist says she is integrative, ask her which specific theories she integrates into her practice. Therapists are flexible, working as a teacher for one patient, as a guide for another, or as a combination of all of the above for yet another.
And more often than not, it does. I look at things not only from what might be reinforcing unhealthy behaviors behaviorismbut also unhealthy thoughts cognitiveand how these all relate together to go and make up the individual human being sitting in front of me humanistic.
The research backing for this modality of treatment is still a little sparse and leaves much to be desired. Two therapists utlizing the same exact theory may still think and respond differently to the same client bringing with the same issues. Carl Rogers developed client-centered therapy, which focuses on the belief that clients control their own destinies.
The belief is that by revealing and bringing these issues to the surface, treatment and healing can occur. Humanistic approaches Humanistic therapy tends towards optimism. Eclectics use techniques, as mentioned above, from all schools of therapy.
One of two studies by Henry H. It means that the patient might be engaging in some sort of transference that needs to be examined by the therapist and interpreted, if necessary.
For instance, see my article on depression for some of this information. There is more focus on process and less focus on content.
After all, the key here is to help the patient as quickly and as effectively as possible. Often these patterns may even be replicated and explored in the actual therapy relationship. There are a number of major conflicts that also tend to need attention, according to this theory.
The therapist will walk the client through a standard set of questions during the therapy. Therapists working with this type of therapy are generally more directive than psychodynamic therapists, and act as much as teachers, sometimes, as therapists. You get the picture. This is why it would be important to see an experienced and long-practicing psychodynamic therapist if you were to seriously consider this modality of treatment.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy has had some of the greatest success in research with a wide variety of disorders, from phobias to anxiety to depression.
Patterson has cast doubt that theoretical integration broad-band eclecticism is possible because of an incompatibility between theories. Counseling Northwestern uses this theory to train counselors, and it is embedded throughout the counselor training process.Running head: THEORETICAL ORIENTATION 1 theoretical orientation and increase outcomes for future clients seeking support through their and current literature on the development, importance and use of theoretical orientation in the practice of psychotherapy.
3 Acknowledgements Although it is impossible to acknowledge all of the inspirational teachers and learners who have influenced my thinking and my practice over the years, I would like to extend.
Theoretical Orientation And Practice Of Nz Counsellors And Psychotherapists This essay Theoretical Orientation And Practice Of Nz Counsellors And Psychotherapists is available for you on Essayscom!
Search Term Papers, College Essay Examples and Free Essays on Essayscom - full papers database. You, as a consumer of mental health services, want an overview, however, of these types of approaches to therapy and practice.
Luckily, you've turned to the right place.
In this document, I will review the main schools of theory and the techniques they utilize in practice. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, Vol.
8, No. 2, Theoretical Orientations of New Zealand Psychologists: An International Comparison Nikolaos Kazantzis1,3 and Frank P.
Deane2 Registered practicing psychologists in New Zealand (n = ) were surveyed. Five Counseling Theories and Approaches.
June 01, and feelings and help them navigate a client’s journey from diagnosis to post-treatment. Theoretical approaches are an understandably integral part of the therapeutic process.
But with so many different methods out there, how do you know which counseling approach works best for you.Download