An analysis of the term sociology and the use of sociology in modern society

Society was in upheaval and fear abounded. Interpretive approach One of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology; focuses on how individuals make sense of the world and react to the symbolic meanings attached to social life.

Structural functionalism

Dual-career families Families in which both husband and wife have careers. Deskilling The process of breaking down jobs into less complex segments that require less knowledge and judgment on the part of workers.

The need for the study of sociology is greater especially in underdeveloped countries. The cultural bond may be ethnic or racial, based on gender, or due to shared beliefs, values, and activities. Revolutionary movement A type of social movement whose aim is to reorganize existing society completely.

Still, people tend to use culture and society in a more traditional sense: The manifest function of education includes preparing for a career by getting good grades, graduation and finding good job.


Where no value is stated, the presumption tends to be that what is served is the preservation of the society as an ongoing concern. Context of socialization The setting or arena within which socialization occurs.

This latter term institution refers to clusters of rules and cultural meanings associated with specific social activities. Organizational ritualism A form of behavior in organizations, particularly in bureaucracies, in which people follow the rules and regulations so closely that they forget the purpose of those rules and regulations.

Folkways Social norms to which people generally conform, although they receive little pressure to do so. Common institutions are the family, education, religion, work, and health care.

Cooperation A form of social interaction involving collaborative effort among people to achieve a common goal. Culture and society are intricately related. But this must not be taken to imply that this is the sole or "real" reason for the practice.

Sociology of great practical help in the sense, it keeps us up-to-date on modern social situations and developments. Sociology is useful as a teaching subject too. Baby boom The people who were born in the United States between and Ernest Nagel claimed that the factual content of such functional statements can be exhaustively translated into causal terms Logic without Metaphysics, pp.

Migration The relatively permanent movement of people from one area to another. Thus, it may well be that, because of the complexity of human motivation, religious practices sometimes not necessarily or always relieve anxieties or promote loyalty to common values; if so, this can strengthen inducements to perform them.

Groups Collections of people who share some common goals and norms and whose relationships are usually based on interactions. Low culture, or popular culture—generally pursued by the working and middle classes—refers to sports, movies, television sitcoms and soaps, and rock music.

Economic institution The pattern of roles, norms, and activities organized around the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services in a society. Emile Durkheim suggested that social consensus takes one of two forms: Minority group Any recognizable racial, religious, ethnic, or social group that suffers from some disadvantage resulting from the action of a dominant group with higher social status and greater privileges.

He was the first person to coin the term sociology. Value-added theory A theory suggesting that many instances of collective behavior represent efforts to change the social environment. Dysfunction Any consequence of a social system that disturbs or hinders the integration, adjustment, or stability of the system.

Gender differences Variations in the social positions, roles, behaviors, attitudes, and personalities of men and women in a society. Thus, when something is said to have a "function" in maintaining the society, although the point is not always recognized, one ingredient in the complex notion of function is a value judgment.

Further, if such statements of "function" are to do more than merely describe consequences, it should be possible to show that the alleged function also reinforces the practice of the activity.

It also marked a major contribution to the theoretical concept of structural functionalism. Controlling for In research, the effort to hold constant factors that might be influencing observed changes in the dependent variable.Postindustrial society A term used by Daniel Bell to refer to societies organized around knowledge and planning rather than around industrial production.

Power Sociology The study and analysis of patterned social relationships in modern societies. Multiculturalism - A term often used instead of “melting pot” to denote a pluralistic society in which the original cultural heritages of its citizens are recognized and respected. Multinational corporations - Large corporations that do business in a number of different countries.

Understanding The Sociological Analysis Of Divorce Sociology Essay. Print Reference this. The Functionalism perspective in sociology states that society is structured the way it is in order to maintain its stability thus, its survival (Schaefer, ).

These values do not promote long term. the rationalization of modern society verstehen "empathic understanding"; Weber's term to describe good social research, which tries to understand the meanings that.

Sociology: Chapter 1: Sociology and the Real World study guide by nicholis_sheley includes 91 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.

Quizlet flashcards, activities. Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture of everyday life. It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order, acceptance, and change or social sociologists aim to conduct research that may be applied directly to.

An analysis of the term sociology and the use of sociology in modern society
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